Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2

Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2

Herpes simplex type 2 (HSV-2) is a cause of a common viral infection of the genital area also known as genital herpes. HSV-2 is passed on through sexual contact and, although the infection can cause small blisters, the infection can potentially be passed on where the skin appears normal.

Most people with HSV-2 do not have symptoms from the infection or only very mild symptoms. The first time the blisters appear, the woman can also feel unwell with fever, aching muscles and/or headache. The blisters last about 2 to 4 weeks and then heal but then they can appear again. The first time the symptoms are normally more severe and then the following episodes are generally milder. HSV-2 can be diagnosed by sending a swab of the blister for testing.  There are also blood tests which can detect HSV-2.

The virus can be transmitted from a pregnant woman to her baby during pregnancy or during delivery. If a pregnant woman has her first episode of HSV-2 during the last trimester of pregnancy then the chances of passing on the infection to her unborn baby are over 30%, whereas if the episode is not the first one then there is a 3% chance of passing the infection on.

A pregnant woman with genital herpes can also pass on the infection to her unborn baby during vaginal delivery if she has an outbreak around the time of labour.

Through full disclosure of information, careful monitoring and an appropriate treatment plan, the risks of transmitting HSV-2 to the baby may be avoided.

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CP Smile Project

The CP Smile Project is a community project that helps ensure children with cerebral palsy have access to recreational opportunities that allow them to engage in play and community involvement. We give monthly bursaries to families to help them provide the support needed for their child to engage in play and have fun.