Non-invasive Brain Stimulation (NIBS) has been used over the last 30 years to create an electrical current in the brain without the need for an operation. Electroconvulsive Therapy, or ECT, is one widely known form of NIBS and has been used for depression where medications and therapies have not worked.
There are other forms of NIBS including transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS). An electric current in the brain can be generated by the creation of a magnetic field on the scalp surface (TMS) or through passing a weak electrical current between two electrodes placed on the scalp directly (tDCS).
Both TMS and tDCS have been the focus of emerging research into NIBS for children and adolescents with cerebral palsy.
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Understanding Treatment for Cerebral Palsy
- Medical Interventions