An intrathecal baclofen pump is a means of delivering the medication, baclofen, into the cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) around the spinal cord. A small, battery-powered device is inserted normally in the abdomen and is connected via a small flexible silicone tube to the intrathecal space so that the medication, baclofen, can act directly on the spinal cord.
Baclofen is a gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) agonist and this means it acts to reduce the release of chemicals, or excitatory neurotransmitters, from the spinal cord which cause muscle spasticity. Baclofen can be delivered continuously through a pump to keep the release of these chemicals reduced around the clock.
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Understanding Treatment for Cerebral Palsy
- Medical Interventions